Sunday, October 5, 2014

Ebola disease getting Severe as it infect five people every hour in Severe affected Country

According to world health Organisation(WHO)
Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever,
is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in
the human population through human-to-human transmission.
The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates
have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa,
near tropical rainforests, but the most recent outbreak in west Africa
has involved major urban as well as rural areas.
Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks.
Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions,
namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good
laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation.
Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival.
There is as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralise the virus
but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under
There are currently no licensed Ebola vaccines but 2 potential
candidates are undergoing evaluation.
The infection is getting severe as it infect five people every hour in freetown

* How is Ebola Virus
Disease spread?
Ebola VD could be
spread through the
1. Direct contact with an infected animal or
2. Direct contact with the blood and or
secretions of an infected person
especially within
3. Contact with
contaminated medical
equipment such as
4. Reuse of unsterilized needles
in hospital;
5. Eating or handling
of the carcass of infectedanimals ;
6. Inhalation of
contaminated air in
hospital environment;
7. Use of infected non
human primate/ bats as food source;
8. Non implementation of
universal precautions.
What are the symptoms of

*EbolaVirus Disease?
The incubation period
for Ebola VD ranges
from 2 to 21 days. The
signs and symptoms of Ebola VD include:
1. Fever
2. Headache
3. Diarrhea
4. Vomiting
5. Chest pain
6. Stomach pain
7. Cold
8. Cough
9. Joint and muscles
10. Sore throat
11. Weakness
12. Depression
13. Confusion
14. Red eyes
15. Internal and external

* Who is at risk?
1. People exposed to and handling wild
2. People depending on wild animals
such as bats as a food source;
3. Mortuary attendants;
4. Health workers caring for Ebola VD
5. Health workers in
hospital settings with
poor basic hygiene and sanitation practices;
6. Family members of an infected patient;
7. People that go to hospitals with poor
hygiene and sanitation practices;

* How is Ebola Virus
Disease prevented?
1. Avoid contact with the blood/ secretions of Ebola infected
animals and humans or dead bodies by:
a) Maintain good
hygiene and sanitation practices in
b) Isolate Ebola infected patients;
c) Dispose of dead
bodies of Ebola patients properly in a
safe manner;
d) Avoid local traditional burial
rituals such as
embalming for Ebola patients;

2. Health workers and
visitors caring for Ebola patients should:
a) Wear proper personal protective
equipment such as
disposable face mask.
Gloves, goggles,
b) and gown always;
c) Use disposable
d) Avoid reuse of
needles or use of
inadequately sterilized needles;
Avoid embalming of a
deceased Ebola patient.

According to WHO, Ebola deathtoll raises to 3,439 and that affect
thousand of children in west Africa

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